37. VEGETABLE OR ANIMAL? Underwater Cabbages and Sea Cucumbers in Fiji.
I. Don't. Notice this. If. You want to find out what the slimy creature is and why the people in Fiji are harvesting, it follow, me. Last. Time we took you to one of the planet's most popular, diving spots the, great white wall. We returned a few more times to Rainbow Reef to discover, some more of its underwater wonders. Coral. Reefs cover about 1% of the world's oceans, but about a quarter of all fish species live. Rainbow, reef is one of about a thousand, coral reefs in Fiji with incredibly, varied, underwater, world, the. Constant, year-round temperatures. And strong tidal current create, perfect, conditions, for coral, and fish to thrive. Rainbow. Reef is among the best coral, reefs in the South Pacific, rated, by scuba diver magazine. As the soft coral capital of the world with, over, 390. Species, of corals home to over 1,500. Species. Of fish many, unique to Fiji. The. Strong tidal current from the depths of the Coral Sea through the shallow waters, of the Strait provide, the necessary nutrients, for the polyps of soft coral. Soft. Corals are filter-feeding, hunters, and gatherers composed. Of a flexible, protein, called corn so, they cannot build reefs. Hard. Corals, are the engineers, and farmers, of the sea, polyps. Of hard coral secrete, a stony, calcium, carbonate, skeleton, and then, gang up to form colonies, in the large stony structure. Each. Animal, is small but given time and favourable, conditions, they, build amazingly. Large structures, the, shallow water coral, reefs. The. Stony corals, use a different, feeding strategy. Most. Contain, a symbiotic, algae that, turns sunlight, into food for both the algae, and pollen so, they need clear shallow water and sunlight to survive. There. Are 21 dive sites in Rainbow Reef of which the most popular, ones are the great white world which, we showed you in our last episode the. Fish factory the. Zoo rainbows. End and our all-time favorite. The Cabbage Patch. The. Cabbage Patch is a sloping, dive with depths ranging between 3, and 18 meters, with a huge area covered, in layers and layers of yellow underwater. Cabbages. These. Cabbages, are made of solid corals, with fragile coral, plates. The. Dive is one of the shallowest and Rainbow Reef and even unexperienced, divers, like my mom are safe to check it out especially at, low tide. It. Was here in the beautiful V on eBay we said goodbye to our friends, Jill Steph, Sam, and Tom aboard. Catamaran net for this one an elegant katana, 42. Cooc, you somewhere. We. Sailed for two years together with our friends from French, Polynesia, to Tonga, and New Zealand the friendship. And the memories we share from our journey will remain forever in our hearts. We. Met the locals, in the village of the on eBay. My. Dad is learning to play rugby. Evil. Playing rugby for a first time. The. Bald guy running, around is evil, my dad thank Rob be go. One, of Evil's new friends, was a guy working, as dive guide for tourists, the, next day he showed us a couple more snorkeling, and diving locations. Guess. Where rainbow. Reef we, kept going back it's, so unbelievably. Beautiful. You. Here. We met the Christmas, tree worms. They. Lived in tubes made of Sun and shell fragments, cemented, together with mucus. The. Worms are shaped like Christmas trees composed. Of feathery feeding, tentacles called, radials, any. Prey, trapped in them is transported. To the worms mouth. Bula. The. Kids envy on ebay play by the beach. Anything. Can be fun to play with, even, a wasp. Okay. Never seen it. I. Never seen such thing. Is. This. How. Do you call it. This. Slimy snake-like creature, is, a sea cucumber the. Locals, in Fiji harvest, sea cucumbers, process. Them and sell them to the Chinese markets. In. The. Island, of yahwah we met a group of fishermen and their families on. The. West side of the island which, is less than one square kilometer, in size is. The wide cuckoo, Bell Harbor where, they fish and dive for lobsters, they.
Also Collect, sea cucumbers, the. Bay is their temporary campsite. Their. Village is on the other side of the island when, fishermen returned, to bring their catch once every week. There. Are about 20 people living here in temporary, shelters and, tents. The. Men go out to fish in the reefs mostly, at night while, the women clean the fish cook, and take care of the kids. The. Catch is being loaded on one of the two fishing, boats to be brought to the village on the other side of the island to be sold at the local market. How. Many days do stay here like, one. Week. Mira. And, you sigh. Sigh. So. You need sugar what else you need rice. But. Fishing is not the main reason why these people spend, so many days here away, from their village. Their. Main activity is harvesting. And processing sea. Cucumbers. So. It has guts this, thing you. Have to take of the guts. Nobody, won Rodinia novella Marylanders. Sea. Cucumbers, are important, for the health of the reef ecosystem. They. Eat fine food particles, mixed with sand digest. Bacteria, and dead microorganisms. And poop, back clean sand so. The kind of recycles and. Overharvesting. Sea cucumbers, can be bad for the environment so. The locals, only take the adult animals leaving. The rare species to, reproduce, there. Are 1,000, species of sea cucumbers, but, only 20 are harvested, in the Pacific, Islands. The. Price depends, on the species of sea cucumber, its size as well as how well it has been processed. Asian. Consumers, pay good money for well processed, sea cucumbers. Processing. Sea cucumbers, means turning the fresh ones into dried ones called fish demand. The. Process, is long and involves, cutting and cleaning them salting. Them for two to five days boiling. Smoking, and drying the sea cucumbers. In. China, they are sold at a very high price along with shark fins and other dried seafood, the. Chinese people consider, as delicacy. These suspicious-looking, slimy, snails, and eat them at celebrations. And special, occasions, would. You try a sea cucumber. Thank. You for stopping by I hope, you learned something today please. Subscribe to our channel and share our awesome videos don't, be shy to leave a comment and watch our next episode. You.