4K Napoli, Italia Walking Tour | Via Toledo - Galleria Umberto - Piazza Plebiscito (Naples, Italy)

4K Napoli, Italia Walking Tour | Via Toledo - Galleria Umberto - Piazza Plebiscito  (Naples, Italy)

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Welcome back to Walking Histories, today we are doing a 4K walking tour of Naples. Our route will take us through the historic center of Napoli, down via Toledo. At the end of via Toledo we will reach the impressive Galleria Umberto before finishing at piazza Plebiscito. Founded by Greeks in the first millennium BC, Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited urban areas in the world  In the 6th century BC, it was refounded as Neápolis. The city was an important part of Magna Graecia (the Roman name for the Greek areas of Southern Italy)

Neápolis played a major role in the merging of Greek and Roman society, and was a significant cultural centre under the Romans. Naples is also considered a capital of the Baroque, beginning with the artist Caravaggio's career in the 17th century, and the artistic revolution he inspired The city has long been a global point of reference for classical music and opera through the Neapolitan School. Naples is the third-largest urban economy in Italy, after Milan and Rome. During the later years of World War II, it sustained severe damage from Allied bombing as they invaded the peninsula. The city received extensive post-1945 reconstruction work.

Naples' historic city centre is the largest of its kind in Europe and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While being a gem of the Ancient world and an important player in empires throughout the last 2000 years, Naples also has some more modern claims to fame. The city skyline is made up of the district ‘Centro direzionale’ and in 1995 was the first cluster of skyscrapers to have been built in Italy and southern Europe.

Naples is of course known for its pizza. One of the top things to do in Naples is to grab the best, or according to locals only, pizza in the world. But beyond being known for it’s pizza, restaurants in the Naples' area have earned the most stars from the Michelin Guide of any Italian province. The street that we are walking down today is via Toledo-  It is an ancient street and one of the most important shopping thoroughfares in the city of Naples, Italy.

The street is almost 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) long and starts at Piazza Dante and ends in Piazza Trieste e Trento, near Piazza del Plebiscito. The street was created by Spanish viceroy Pedro de Toledo, 2nd Marquis of Villafranca in 1536, who entrusted Ferdinando Manlio, an Italian architect. From 18 October 1870 to 1980, the street was called "Via Roma", to celebrate Italian unification. Over the centuries, the reputation of the street was enhanced through being a stop on the Grand Tour. The Grand Tour was the 17th- and 18th-century custom of a traditional trip through Europe undertaken by upper-class young European men of sufficient means.

Particularly after the 18th century, many visitors were curious in the recently discovered archaeological sites of Herculaneum and Pompeii. The French writer Marie-Henri Beyle wrote of via Toledo - "8th March, 1817. - I'm leaving [Naples]. I will no more forget the Via Toledo than [I will ] the view that one has of all Naples's neighbourhoods: ... ... it is, in my opinion, beyond compare: the most beautiful city in the universe." We are now entering Galleria Umberto I - a public shopping center and one of the top places to visit in Naples. It was built between 1887–1890, and was the cornerstone in the decades-long rebuilding of Naples … —called the risanamento ("making healthy again")—that lasted until World War I. 

The building is part of the UNESCO listing of the Historic Centre of Naples as a World Heritage Site. Named after the plebiscite taken on October 21, 1860, that brought Naples into the unified Kingdom of Italy, we are now at Piazza Plebiscito. On the eastern side of the Piazza sits The Royal Palace of Naples - San Francesco di Paola is the prominent church located to the west in Piazza del Plebiscito. Make sure to check out our next video where we spend more time in Piazza Plebiscito. Hit subscribe (and a like if you'd be so kind) so that you can see more of our videos like this one!

2021-10-30 21:30

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