Bracciano, Italy【Walking Tour】With Captions - 4K
[Brief intro] 1/2 ☀️Odescalchi Orsini Castle☀️ The transformation of the fortress into what will become the majestic current castle was commissioned by Napoleone Orsini in 1470 and by his son, Virginio. In 1481 the castle hosted Pope Sixtus IV, fleeing the plague that devastated the city of Rome. In 1485 the papal troops led by Prospero Colonna devastated and sacked the castle. 2/2 In 1494 the castle offered hospitality to the King of France Charles VIII and his troops marching towards Naples. This circumstance led to the excommunication of Gentil Virginio Orsini, who was one of the leaders of the Aragonese troops allied with the pope against the French. [Piazza Saminiati] 1/2 ☀️St. Stephen Cathedral☀️ The main place of worship in the town. Built in the 13th century, it has been restored several times until the early part of the 17th century, a period in which the reconstruction of the facade made the Duomo take on its current appearance. 2/2 Initially built as a private church of the Orsini family, after the transfer to the Odescalchi it becomes the center of the religious life of the town. It houses a museum containing various religious relics that belonged to the local ecclesiastical community. 1/10 ☀️Brief History of Bracciano☀️ There is no certain information on the origins of Bracciano; probably the origins of the urban settlement date back to the 10th century. From the end of the 9th century the Saracens began their forays into the territory, plundering and spreading insecurity and fear among the populations. 2/10 The large landowners built fortifications and castles and many peasants moved their residence within the fortified areas, called castrum. The owners became in fact the lords of the villages that were forming. The name "Castrum Brachiani", which appears in documents up to the 15th century, highlights the fortified origin of the place.
3/10 Towards the end of the 11th century the territory of Bracciano became the property of the Vico family, who transformed the pre-existing tower into a fortress and built new fortifications. The name of Braccio (arm) is probably linked to that of the city. The leader had built many small fortified structures in the territories he controlled. They were called "Casa di Braccio". 4/10 In 1419 Pope Martin V ceded the fiefdom for three years in vicariate to a branch of the Orsini family, that of Tagliacozzo. Since then, the modest village of fishermen and farmers tied its destiny to one of the most powerful baronial families of the time, transforming itself into a thriving town. 5/10 The castle, an admirable work of military and civil architecture of the time, has become the most characteristic symbol of Bracciano. A legend tells that under the waters of the lake of volcanic origin there is a part of the submerged city; the emerged part would have been called Bracciano following the shap of an “arm” . 6/10 Pope Alexander VI Borgia waged war on the Orsini state, besieging Bracciano in 1496 as well. It was on that occasion that a new bastion was built on the eastern edge of the walls, known as the sentinel, which today has become a panoramic viewpoint over the lake and surrounding mountains. 7/10 The siege of the papal troops did nothing against the marvelous fortifications of the castle and the village; after a few months of siege the papal troops left Bracciano to move to the Viterbo area, on the Cimini mountains, where they were definitively defeated by the Orsini in the battle of Soriano.