Castle in Spain Home to Some Dark Spanish History. Santa Barbara Castle. Alicante, Spain.

Castle in Spain Home to Some Dark Spanish History.  Santa Barbara Castle. Alicante, Spain.

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hi everyone uh travel addict a guy here  and i'm with some friends and we're going   up to the castle here guys in alicante and  check this out they've got some compass bars   right here on the way and we're  going up to the top of the castle so look at this neighborhood guys check it  out wow so so cool and hard work going up here uh it's all worth it when you get to the top  and see the views wow check this out guys you can see the sea already imagine  what it would be like to live   here take a look at that wow  and there's a house up there too so these are my friends that i'm walking with they're both from england you want to say your  names for the camera i'm harvey i'm kieran okay   wow look at the views guys they're getting to  be amazing as you go up here unbelievable guys take a look there and look at this guys take a look there ah there might be a restaurant there so this is a restaurant actually guys it's called  la erita look at that wow amazing restaurant here   and there looks like a walkway there so i  guess you can cross there along the wall   oh and there's another way to come too  people coming from another direction so getting closer to the summit here it is not  too far away now and better views yet of alicante   so we have a nice look out here wow that looks  great guys you can see the path that we came up   started all the way down over there cross  through this park and around and up some more   nice views here of the castle and there looks  like the start of it so very close to the entrance   so i'm on some kind of path now that's where  these um the british girl took me guys wow   so weird path here i find myself on this little  path here it looks kind of dodgy guys look at that   it's just this tiny path i'm not sure  if they went the right way or not but that's the way she went looks like you go down maybe that's the entrance there so that's  where i came from there there was a path   actually you saw i took that path coming down  and there's actually a road going up too guys another road actually as well so here it is finally made it wow that  was all out of work guys i will not lie   santa barbara wow there's a santa barbara in  california and look at that guys you can see i'm   quite sweaty whew trying to keep up with those uh  young kids was uh job they're moving pretty good   so a bit windy up here can i already see some  nice views there wow take a look this is the   castell de santa barbara should be castillo  or they put castell i don't know maybe that is   a different language for sure castle or there it  is oh this might be that catalan like in barcelona   so am i in catalonia now it looks like that  catalunya catalan so there's the castell   and there it is i util de alecanse so it's  free entry so that's nice so the first image   it's uh the depiction of a castle during the 16th  century in the late 16th century but we have to go   you know to the ninth century to understand  uh the first castle that was located in here   you know if you made a tour with us in the  old town if not i will tell you alicante in   its actual location is a muslim foundation you  know the muslims that appeared in spain in the   eighth century and they stayed for eight centuries  more well in the ninth century uh the muslims were   the ones who moved the ancient city of lucento  the roman city that is located something like   four five kilometers from where we are next to  the cape of las guertas in albufereta and they   built an alcazaba this is the spanish word for  a muslim castle a castle that was on the top   right on the top and the last body uh  where is nowadays the macho located   it was a you know a castle made mostly with ramet  earth first construction of the first pastures do   you know what sebastian this is a vast view it's  the modern way of uh well the modern tower as   you know black powder has been developed so no  really high towers anymore just really effect   wise uh walls spanish soldiers arrived to alicante  commanded by the civilian the night as well   the city quite easily surrendered but they could  not conquer the castle as more than thousand men   were resisting a siege that was quite long so well  to surrender the castle and as with the mortars or   with the cannons they could not damage really  in reality the castle the civilians fell the   french commander decided to dig a tunnel a mine  under the mountain and he filled the tunnel with   more than 10 tons of explosives the 28th of  february he had the mind ready and he embodied   the british lord you know british commander  who was being searched in the castle and known show him the mind and told him in if in 24  hours if you do not surrender we will blow   up the mountain with you the british lord  is a lord with a lot of honor and he decided   not to surrender well the texts tell us that  this same day the alicantinian soldiers next   to the british soldiers they appear on  the walls to be you know to be look at   and getting drunk drinking wine celebrating  you know the inauguration of the french   mine but also they were doing this for weeks  non-stop really hard lots of soldiers were digging   a counter mine a well that goes deep up to  more than 28 meters deep trying to reach the   french mine to block the french mine on the first  well before they did it but they totally failed   we're going to see the world that is located in  the same place and goes to no point everywhere   well it goes to nowhere so early in the morning  or the next day half past three on the morning   of the day 29th of february they blew up the  mountain have you did you know this some of you   yes you did it no but uh well it's a really huge  explosion that's happening here and well it's not   a really good depiction of i guess on that day  because nowadays we know that almost a third of   the ancient medieval olympic castle fell fell  from the mountains and up to more than 200 men   per issue from the explosion including the british  lord but 600 men crew resist up to april the siege   when they finally surrendered and they were  allowed to abandon the castle with honors   for you know how hard they fight defending the  castle well the brutal explosion left us a really   big crack in the mountain we have a valley that  you can see from the apostigator from the old town   next to the face of the maurya's king you know  this really a big face we have in the mountain   and well this is the main reason why we don't  have a little castle anymore because then after   with the bulgars they became and they began to  they destroyed the remains from the old castle   and they made the castle as we know it nowadays  so a really huge fortress with just platforms   and bastions to fight with panels in all in all  directions this is the back for the architects and   engineers their hotel where they used to stay here  for uh something less than 20 years into enlarging   and improving and you know making all the reforms  from the castle so they destroyed the top of the   was the remains from the middle castle to build  this huge platform known as el nacho with this   culture the original culture from the medieval  times and this is the last line the last wall with   the two last minimum towers that we have left from  the medieval times well and then they created this   barack dedicated to the king philippe ii where  we are now and look how many levels do we have   so we came from the road and then we have to cross  one gate then with a small bridge to that bastion   this is the first bastion known as the bastion of  uh god bond repos in valencia language that means   would be something like a good chilling because  it was the place chosen by the burgess people   and the beginning of the 20th century to  come to have picnics and enjoy the views   then we have another bridge and we came into the  first body we have two bastions the bastion of   the king and the bastion of the queen and well we  come to this working post where you have to do the   booking the checking with the very gate and this  is the second level with the ruins that we are   going to see where the last church dedicated to  santa barbara was located but the church exploded   by accident and then it was decided not to build  any other church seven office of november of 1957   so those two brothers were prisoners in the  hands of a spanish republic you know accused   of being spies from the right parties of being  fascists or you know of being gorgeous well   they ended in the castle he was saying that  this um castle was abandoned in the early 1900s   but during the spanish civil war they took it back  over the militaries and they used this as a prison   guy so it was actually a prison during the spanish  civil war and that inscription he was just showing   there i was just showing on the floor that is an  inscription of some of the prisoners that were   here during the time of the spanish civil war  this one is from and in the same year in 1492   they discovered america they conquered the  last muslim kingdom granada granada and also   they deported all jewish peoples from safari all  ladine people okay the years passed and in 1609 in   that year in is where the spanish crown decided  to deport all mauricos who were the moriscos   were those muslims that still live in spain  that were forced to become christians earlier   but those that didn't convert it on time or those  that were you know appointed as moriscos were   finally deported because there was an economical  crisis from the lords and they took all their   properties to sell them to other all the spanish  so well we don't have jewish they didn't have   muslims but then years passed and in the year  1749 there was another culture another people   that the royalty of spain wanted to exterminate  or to deport i'm talking about the gypsies and   what happens here you know gypsies are still in  spain and they became the best ambassadors of our   culture with flamenco and so on so the thing is  that they failed and this plate commemorates you   know it says 261 men suffered captivity in the  castle of santa barbara during the great raid   the first recorded attempt in history to make a  gypsy genocide this happened the night of the 29th   up to the 30th of july in the year 1749 and  it was orchestrated by the marquis of encenada   who was a government secretary and the bishop of  oviedo president of the council of castilla both   with the approval of the king ferdinand vi very  interesting history here guys he said that they   actually tried to kill off the gypsies at one time  finally they stopped and he said that the reason   that most gypsies live in the same neighborhood  is not because they wanted to it's because they   put them in ghettos and that's what  they did to get them out of the   public view basically so that is why you  have large gypsy neighborhoods in spain   for this and also as they stop it to get to  madrid and they return it back to toledo and   madrid gained some time to improve their defenses  because in toledo in the castle of toledo a few   young super officials were assisted in a sich  really brave they decided to conquer alicante is   the last place not for strategic motives because  of symbolism because in the beginning of the war   on the rebellion from the fascists in alicante  the founder of the fascist party phalanxes was put on a trial in a court accused of rebellion  tradition and was finally sentenced to death and   executed so then after his figure his image  of course antonio was taken as a martyr for   the fascist movement so that's why they decided to  conquer alicante as the last place then after the   fascists came here and they took the body of jos  antonio from the mass grave and on parade on their   shoulders they took the body to where it is lying  now it is resting in the valley of the fallen   where two years ago franco was in there but  finally we took him off as you know we still don't   have any museum national museum of the episode  and franco died on the bed in 1975 with a low   democracy came with a law that was to forget and  to forgive but thus does not work anymore it went   to the european country and knowing or considering  the spanish civil war as the first battle of the   second world war because we have all sides nazi  germany fascists italy choice russia fighting and   you know testing what we were going to do in the  same year 1959 up to 1945. wait i have a question   franco's body where is it now and now it's in  a civil cemetery because the the the body was   taken from the valley of the fallen it was given  to the family to the certain destination and his   lyingness to his wife so it's in a madrid in  a public cemetery but because the the monument   the tomb the valley of the fallen is a place still  used nowadays by the fallen kiss neo-fascists or   regional fascists to gomparade they used to  do masses in spain the regional fascist party   falance is still legal okay undergoing elections  luckily they don't get too many votes but here   you can raise your arm and do with a roman  salute and there's no punishment as in germany   or in other countries so still spain is full of  mass graves all around so it's now when we're   beginning to dig them to make numbers and this  is still you know uh we're divided and there's an   opposition as a lot of fortunes format by stealing  by the genocide we don't really have the numbers   you know the casualties and the repression and  also this franco's repression is really hard to   to study because i thought the germans and  nothing germany did with a lot of bureaucracy   franco did not develop that kind of bureaucracy  so lots of prisoners only have their testimony   of being prisoner but no papers that show that  they have been in jail you know the day we will   finally make the numbers we will no longer talk  about the spanish civil war because it was not   civil not national international and we will we  will begin to talk about the spanish genocide   this is what really happened you know the uh there  was a concentration camp the first one in alicante   it was the almond field that it was located next  to the uh this is another one next to the um   the shopping mall that we have in here uh it's  a platformer the shopping mall behind it is   where the the almond field you know the first  concentration camp was located with thousands   of pesos but from there they were taken mostly  to the biggest one in the province and in spain   in alberta 60 kilometers from where we are it's  the second archaeological campaign that began   this year to know the the field and to find the  mass grave but we have some aerial views you know   you can know you know repression in alicante  was pretty brutal one of the most brutal ones   that it hasn't been after franco had battalions  of slaves until the end of the 50s you know and   well luckily nowadays we made the democratic  laws of memory and we're beginning to take off   all monuments plates with names of genocides and  murders but still with a lot of opposition with   it so the other right-wing parties menace is that  if they win you know in elections they will ban   those laws or uh you know this is why it happens  so some more inscriptions from a prisoner it says   christine rojo which means red prisoner there's  a day 1939 the cape of santa pola in the south   the cape of las vertes to the north behind this  mountain that is the mountain of saint julian   and a few kilometers in well in almost the corner  in between the mountain and the cape is where   you can find albufereta it's where there's the  ancient roman city lucentum that you can discover   the ruins but walk through the streets of a roman  city but surrounded by the brutalist buildings   that we began to build in the 60s well this is  the location of the old neighborhood known as   the red rabbit rabal or arabal is a spanish word  castilian that refers to the neighborhoods outside   the city walls or the neighborhoods where all the  jewish and muslims after the conquest were forced   to live you know so that's why we have lots of  rabbles in all the cities in spain so this is the   rebel roach that was mostly the neighborhood  of the fishermen no more fishermen anymore   in alicante and also the neighborhood of the  traffickers because when they made those buildings   they began to discover hundreds and thousands of  thousands of tunnels you know where they used to   take all goods illegally inside the the city  well the mountain of saint julian you see that   is a cantier that has been used to take all stone  for making the city and nowadays it's almost half   a bit pointed with a really big gasoline deposit  not in use anymore and we're expecting a waiting   for a really big project to have a concert hall  something inside the mountain and well this is   the biggest problem that the castle had during  the modern history the mountain as you will see   later with hundreds of impacts that you can find  on the walls because when they build the castle   in the medieval times having a mountain next to it  was no problem but then after with the development   of the black poser and cannons it became the  worst problem of the city in every war that we   suffered in alicante the first battles have been  fought in this mountain as all the alicantinians   wanted to prevent the enemies to install in there  the artillery that finally was accomplished by   the bulmans during the siege of the castle in  1709 so let's go to keep on climbing the castle   because we have a lot of things to see  that's the mountain he's talking about guys and a beautiful view here wow so in a very intense presentation and this  man is very knowledgeable the spanish guy   and he's very passionate i like his delivery even  though his english is not perfect guys he's very   passionate about his delivery and i learned a  lot of things about spain that i did not know as you can see you know in the very peninsula we  are two countries two states spain and portugal   so how is it possible that portugal is not  spanish and with the valencias are spanish the   catalans are spanish the vasquez venice because  they fall a lot they're not in the middle times   but also because portugal is the oldest the  oldest ally of england with a path from the   14th century that is still running you know  so being the bourbons in castilla also french   and being france enemy of england napoleon asked  the spanish royalty if he could cross spain with   his army to conquer portugal and they allowed him  into entering into spain in diagonal with his army   but then after when he was here he asked the  royal family of spain if they could visit him   in bayonne southern france to discuss  some things about the military campaign   and their fool all the royal family  went there in there in france napoleon   convinced the kings of spain to get him  the throne and the crown and they did it   and napoleon put took the crown of spain and  he put the crown over the head of his brother   jose bonaparte known in spain and remembered  in spain as pepe botella you know bottle   when this happened a popular uprise rebellion  started in all the countries because mostly all   spanish being farmers illiterates and catholics  did not understand what was happening they used   to say that the royal family was kidnapped  in france and by those demons anticlinical   you know and republicans so on the with the war  cry of long live the catholic church long live   the king in gerias the people began to fight the  french then after the revolution and the war was   taken the control by the spanish liberals that  gave us the first constitution of the country la   pepa constitution of cadiz on the year 1812 after  the war you know the liberals called the fight   back the french avandone finally the country and  spain was liberated so the king was back as he was   the head of the constitutions made by the liberals  ferdinand the seventh came to spain and instead of   a 13 the constitution that made by those that  gave and returned him the throne he banned the   constitution and began to prosecute a two in  jail all those liberals deliberated in spain   absolutism was back so if 300 years ago the  spanish word of section is the beginning of   independentism of catalonia and so on this episode  is the beginning of spanish republicanism as   uh the liberals some of them saw the burdens as  traitors to the nation so we still are divided   as you know in between royalty or republicans so  on the year 1812 in alicante what it happened is   that it was really a bad year because valencia  fell in the hands of the french and also sagunto   a military village and the french army was coming  to siege and conquered alicante so the siege camp   formed by the french was installed in the mountain  torsal where we have another castle castle of uh   ferdinand but it was not uh well built during that  time and i felt begun a battle where nowadays we   have the church of santa cruz there was a bastion  it's a corner so with a lucky shot made by   vicente terregrosa the engineer who made the  canons a few few hits shots hitted the weapons   deposit from the french army and the city camp  there was a really huge explosion so the french   were forced to abandon to flip direction north so  they well they run away but not running away they   decided to go to the countryside to exterminate  and execute a lot of people in the countryside of   alicante so alicante gained some time to improve  the defenses and it's in here when antonio de la   cruz military manager of the city he ordered  that in the castle the soldiers must make and   fabricate as many bombs hand grenades explosives  as possible where did they store them in the   church and next to the church where we now have  this small gate here there was another building   that disappeared with explosion that was a  kitchen so it seems that a spark from the chimney   we don't know what really happened but suddenly  the church exploded all the church exploded   half of the barracks fell off and more than 50 men  perished there's also a legend that explained us   that the day of the explosion was the anniversary  of the wedding of antonio de la cruz and his wife   you know was the anniversary and where was  his wife praying the rosario in the church   so she perished also then after it was decided  not to build a church to santa barbara anymore   so we had her there okay but it's also another  not funny but a coincidence because you know   that everything has different powers it needs  to be pattern of jobs or works or some things   santa barbara uses to be the patron of the miners  and also she's the patron of the weapons deposit   and the chamber in a worship spanish worship  from the 19th century an organ from the empire   where they keep all weapons and blood powder is  known as santa barbara so she uses to explode okay   dangerous dangerous woman is this is the entrance to the upper part of  the castle and he said there would have been   guards stationed here and they would have had  bayonets and they actually used these bayonets   to sharpen they used the stones here to  sharpen the bayonets guys and you can see   the marks they left wow and this is  sandstone so good for sharpening things wow this place is vast it is vast look at that   and i believe he said there was two gates and this  was the second gate he called it the gothic gate i   believe and there was actually a moorish gate  the original gate so this was the second gate   so this was the original moorish castle yes and  it was built right up there yes in the top of the   of the mountain okay and that's the one that  was destroyed yes yes half of it all uh third   because it fell from that part and that was  during the um there's 17 explosives in that moment hundreds of thousands of donkeys in  all spain and we're public workers   because it's not the same you know to steal my  own i don't care that the one that belongs to   the silicones and manolo was the last donkey that  spent all his life living in this small cave and   we have to thank him because was the last donkey  that worked a lot in the castle bringing bricks   rocks and water to the workers that were you know  restoring the castle in the 60s to have this uh   discussion touristic as we haven't noticed  so in 2014 we decided to it was decided to   make an image to his memory and you know making  this uh museography with the cardboard manure we're on the highest point now guys look  at this and of course the rain has to come whole stadium there guys the corridor de toros   wow you get such an amazing view from up  here look at it so i met a couple people   on the tour and a man and his wife and your  name again was my name is hugo hugo who knows   okay and they're from florida originally from  columbia and moved to florida yeah okay very   nice thank you and so on thank you for choosing  me and enjoy elegant hope to see you next time i'm with the tour guide guillermo man he was just  a great guy i love his passion i love your passion   man it was so awesome the um the tour i really  enjoyed it man and can you tell me a little bit   more about yourself did you  grow up here in alicante yes   well i'm from elsie 20 kilometers from where  we are where we have the most our palm trees   up to more than 340 000 okay and i study history  and i really love to tell those stories so i   hope that you come to alicante to visit us and  choose us to have a free tour all around the   castle okay and what is the name of your tour  company it's a free walk-in tours   okay guys we'll see in the next video travel attic  the guy and guillermo see you take care everyone

2022-01-22 13:09

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