Jordan | Petra | The Lost City of Stone | The New 7 Wonders of the World
So. We had a restful, night here at sultanacam. This is around six o'clock in the morning. The pool is, under, construction. Foreign. Hello. Good. Morning. Are. You. This is the day that we are going to. Visit, petra. This is our second day. As you can see, the view around, sultana. Camp, is fantastic. It is also. Perfectly. Safe. Oh. So we are now, in. Petra. On your right is the. Museum. For those planning, to visit petra, you will see that it involves a lot of walking. So proper, footwear, is. Essential. As soon as you, get in the front, entrance. There's a toilet. On your. Right. Oh. Again there are lots of shops. Before you actually, reach. The start, of the. Long walk, to, the. Gorge. For those, who do not wish to walk you have the option, to, pay for, a horse drone. Carriage. Okay. We were part of a group tour, organized, by tourist. Israel. We are now under the care of tourist, jordan. So along the way you can see a lot of structures. And, tombs. We are now at the entrance of the gorge. This is the month of october. And the weather is, fantastic. However, expect. That it's, busy. Again there is a lot of walking. Involved. Yes. Um. Oh. You know very close to the end of the coach, and getting really excited. And can see. Uh part of the treasury. Which is a very, popular. You always see this in, pictures. So we took photos. With. The treasury, as the background. And we thought, that's it. We've seen the place. We are ready to go back. We didn't realize. There's more to petra. And this really amazed, us. Petra, is located, about 150. Miles, south, of both, jerusalem. And the capital, of jordan. Amman. It is halfway, between damascus. And the red sea. Petra has also been referred to as the rose city because of the color of the stones. Used in its. Buildings. It was named a unesco, world heritage, site in. 1985. The city of petra was established. As a trading post by an arab video and tribe indigenous, to the region, called. The. Battalions. Then the battalions, leaving and trading in petra soon accumulated. A significant, amount of wealth. And because of this. The greek empire attacked the city in 312. Bc. The nebratan, successfully, put back, greeks by taking advantage of the mountainous, terrain surrounding the city. The mountains effectively, serve as barriers, protecting, petra. Then the romans invaded petra in 106. A.d. And defeated. Thee the battalions. The roman empire annexed, the newly gained territory, and changed its name to arabia, petraeus. The romans, ruled over the city for more than 250. Years. Until the middle of the 4th century, a.d. When an earthquake, destroyed, many of its buildings. The byzantines. Eventually, took control, of the region. And governed petra, for at least 300. Years. Okay. By the start of the 8th century, a.d. Petra was largely abandoned, and no longer a significant, location, as a commercial, hub. The rugged mountainous, terrain, that surrounds petra allow the nabataeans. To build its key structures. Using an early form the technique, known as rock. Cut architecture. And the battalions, literally, carved, several of the city's buildings, out of the surrounding, stone. Surfaces. You can also see a mixture, of influences, from the romans, and. Byzantines. Me. When the nabataeans. Built petra. They developed, a unique system, of conduits. Dams and cisterns. To harvest. Store, and distribute, rainwater, for year-round, use. During the rainy season, the area around the city was prone to flooding. However, then the battalions, were able to effectively, control these floods using dams. This meant that they could live in the city even during piers of drought.
It Also helped the crops of nubatian. Farmers. After the 8th century, when petra was largely abandoned, as a trading center. Its stone structures, were used for shelter by nomadic shepherds for several. Centuries. Then in 1812. The unique ruins of petra were discovered, by swiss explorer, johann, ludwig. Barkhard. With the western world aware of their existence. They soon attracted the interests of architects, and scholars, among others. Starting, in 1929. British archaeologist. Agnes conway, and george horsfield. Scholars, stealthy, canaan, and didley, nielsen. Launched a formal project to excavate, and survey petra. When petra was named a unesco, world heritage site in 1985. Petra between tribes people who had made homes for themselves, within the city's remaining, ruins. Were forcibly, relocated, by the jordanian, government. And in the early 2000s. The site was named one of the seven, new wonders, of the. World. So. Um. Oh my. God. Just, enjoy, the. View. One of the must-see, places in petra is the monastery. It is a bigger and better version of the treasury. However, you need to be prepared. To walk for two and a half hours normal pace without any detours. And climb, 800, plus steps to reach it this wall sign posted, and you don't necessarily, need a guide and when the steps get too much there are plenty of places, to stop and, rest. The monastery, is petra's largest temple. And has a similar design to the treasury, but on a bigger scale. It is over 500, meters high and 45, meters wide, is not quite as ornate as the treasury, but its size makes it an impressive, feat of engineering. Unlike the treasury, you can actually go inside the monastery. Through the huge doorway, that several stories, high. Out the front there is a large flat area. With a conveniently, positioned, cafe, where you can enjoy the view, and your achievement, of reaching the. Monastery. Good. Job. So. You.