Rome 4K Walking Tour 2021 - With Captions - SHORT VERSION [4K/60fps]

Rome 4K Walking Tour 2021 - With Captions - SHORT VERSION [4K/60fps]

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Pantheon is a former Roman temple constructed in the 2nd century A.D. by the Roman Emperor Hadrian. In 609, Pantheon was given to the pope and converted into a church. Its impressive concrete dome features an oculus in the center, which serves as the primary source of natural light. Did you know that since there is no glass covering the oculus when it rains, the floor gets wet? Because of an ingenious system of 22 well-hidden holes, the water quickly drains away. Piazza Navona was built in the 1st century on a former Dominitian's stadium.

The stadium was used for athletics competitions and was known as "Circus Agonalis" (agones/games) or the competition arena. You can still recognize the square's unique shape and visit the ruins of the stadium 4.5 meters (15 ft.) under Piazza Navona, now a Unesco World Heritage Site. Later in history, the square became a lake during the summer to stage naval battles. Ponte Sant'Angelo is a Roman bridge completed in 134 AD by Emperor Hadrian to connects the city center to his newly constructed mausoleum, Castel Sant'Angelo.

During its rich and diverse history, Romans were always exploring for new places to bury their dignitaries. As a result, Rome is full of mausoleums, crypts, and catacombs. Castel Sant'Angelo or was a Hadrian Mausoleum and later used by popes and as a fortress and a castle.

The building is now an impressive museum. Covering an area of 110 acres (44 ha) and with only about 1,000 people, Vatican City is the smallest state in the world by both area and population. The official name is Vatican City State and has been the residence of the pope since 1377.

While the central area is closed to the public, there are many attractions to see, for example, St. Peter's Square and Basilica, impressive examples of Renaissance architecture, Vatican Museums, displaying a collection of 20,000 works of art. Don't skip the Sistine Chapel and one of the most famous frescos in the world, The Creation of Adam from the 16th century by Michelangelo. Colosseum completed in the year 80 is the largest amphitheater ever built.

It was made using limestone, tuff and concrete to demonstrate Roman building techniques to the entire world. Only 1/3 of the building is still visible today - earthquakes, fire, and vandalism damaged it over the years. It was a gift from the people of Rome by the Flavian Dynasty to gain their popularity, hence the name "Flavian Amphitheatre." The emperors organized events that were free to attend and sometimes even provided free food for the visitors. Colosseum was used for gladiatorial combats, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, a stage for performances, and other public spectacles. It could hold over 50,000 spectators.

Roman Forum was the center of public life in ancient Rome. Located next to the Colosseum and surrounded by government buildings and other important buildings, it was the venue of significant public events such as elections, criminal trials, processions, or public speeches. After the fall of the Empire, the Forum was neglected.

Later it was also used as a meadow for livestock and got its nickname Cow Field (it. Campo Vaccino). The site was first excavated in the 18th century. The area is now a big open-air museum featuring relatively well-preserved ruins of old buildings. The legend says that Romulus, the founder of Rome, is buried under the Roman Forum. Piazza del Campidoglio, located on Capitoline Hill, is home to Capitoline museum – one museum consisting of a group of art and archaeological museums.

The Altar of the Fatherland or Altare della Patria completed in 1935 is a large monument built on top of a part of Capitoline Hill. The monument was built in honor of the first king of unified Italy, Victor Emanuel II, and is the largest monument in Rome. The construction of Il Vittoriano was controversial because it destroyed a large part of the Capitoline Hills Medieval neighborhood. Complete your tour by visiting its impressive terrace with amazing views of Rome in all directions.

Trevi Fountain was built on the facade of a palace in 1751, and it is one of the most famous fountains in the world. It stretches 86 feet (26 m) in the air and 161 feet (50 m). The water for the fountain was delivered from Acuqa Vergine, one of Rome's aqueducts, and was considered to be the purest water one can drink in Rome (it is not safe to drink anymore). The legend says that whoever drinks the water from the fountain or throws a coin in it will return to Rome. Nearly 700,000 euros worth of coins is tossed into Trevi Fountain each year.

Located below Trevi Fountain in the Trevi district, there is a system of underground labyrinths from the Roman Times, offering an insight into the life, engineering, and ingenuity of ancient Rome – Vicus Caprarius. At the bottom of the Spanish Steps lies Piazza di Spagna with the famous Fontana della Barcaccia, dating back to the early Baroque period. Spanish Steps are a colossal stairway of 135 steps connecting the Spanish Embassy with the Trinita dei Monti church. The steps were built in the 18th century by French diplomat Etienne Gueffier and took only two years to complete. As the widest stairway in Europe, Spanish Steps quickly gained recognition and eventually became one of the main Roman attractions.

2021-09-30 09:55

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