the value of offence | qualiasoup & theramintrees [cc]
The. Meaning of the word offends, as discussed. In this video has, been defined in various ways something. That provokes a sense of outrage any. Violation. Of a social code the. Act of causing anger, resentment, or displeasure, annoyance. Or resentment brought about by a perceived insult to or disregard, for oneself, to. Offend that is to hurt or wound the feelings, of to. Transgress to. Be displeasing, these. Definitions may clear at the outset the, subjective, nature of offense we. Can feel offended and experience, negative emotions for, all kinds of reasons but, it doesn't follow that the source of our resentment, is worthy of blame criticism. Or attack, nor. Does it follow that the reaction, of taking, offence is reasonable. Or justified. Dictators. Might feel outraged, by, the exposure, of their hypocrisy, young. Children might feel displeased, about the boundaries set for them by adults. Narcissists. Might resent sharing the spotlight with others in. Each case negative. Emotions are felled but, there's no obligation to accommodate these wishes or demands merely. Feeling offended, by another's, words or actions isn't. In itself evidence. Of suffering, unreasonable. Harm we. Know from the fact that people experience phobias, that emotional, reactions, are sometimes irrational, and extremely. Disproportionate. Sometimes. People, report being offended, simply, because their views have been challenged, even if those views are used to obstruct, education. Or justify. The mistreatment, of others certainly. If we want to punish or restrict, behavior, we find objectionable we, need to be able to point to something more than our own hurt feelings, to make a valid case there. Are good reasons to limit certain kinds of abuse of speech in action and each. Limit, or prohibition. Requires, its own carefully, reasoned justification. But. Sometimes, complaints, about free speech infringement. Result, from confusion. About entitlements. If Abe. Writes a letter to a commercial magazine, and the magazine doesn't publish it this is not an attack on his free speech the. Magazine is not silencing. Him by not printing his letter and has, no obligation to, grant him a platform, on his publication. We. Might despise, the bias shown, by some media companies, but unless, they present themselves as a free speech forum, they have no duty, to facilitate. A speech, Abe, would have a cause for grievance, if he was prevented from self-publishing. The. Poet John Milton experienced. This infringement, when he attempted, to publish a collection of pamphlets arguing. For reform, of the divorce laws, the. Licensing, order of 1643. Meant that all printed, material, had to be approved by the government, failing. To get permission, for his pamphlet, Milton. Was inspired to write his famous defense, of free speech Arielle Pickett agur arguing. For reform of the print licensing, laws. In. 1914. Nurse, margaret, sanger was indicted for violating, obscenity, laws her, crime she. Posted pamphlets, containing, educational information.
On Contraception. Violating. Social codes can leave people feeling offended, but. When social, codes are discovered, to be regressive. Violating. Them can serve to highlight this and bring, about positive change, when. We avoid challenging. Social codes or customs, because we fear causing, offence we, can needlessly, sacrifice, a lot of time energy and, emotion, to. Parents. Raise five children strictly. To follow a particular religion, as the. Children grow up they, all privately, stop believing in that religion but. Even after their parents are dead they, continue, with acts of religious worship so, as not to offend their siblings, their collective. Silence, about their real views keeps them in what's been called pluralistic. Ignorance. Steven. Pinker describes, how more extreme, cases of pluralistic, ignorance can, take hold how. A collective, delusion can, overtake an entire society when, unpopular, views are censored, or punished, if. Dissenters, are punished and can, anticipate their going to be punished then you might have a situation where, no one actually believes, something but. Everyone, believes that everyone, else believes it therefore. No, one is willing to be the little boy that says the Emperor is naked writing. In the mid 1800s John. Stuart Mill in his book on Liberty listed. Some contemporary, cases of individuals, being abused by the courts, for declaring, no theological, belief for. This apparent offense they, were variously, rejected, as jury members, grossly, insulted, by a judge and denied. Justice, against a thief Mill. Noted, that the legal doctrine of disallowing, evidence from atheists meant. Not only that they could be robbed or insulted, with impunity but. That their testimony couldn't, help theists. Who were robbed or assaulted. Furthermore. Mill noted that the rule cut away its own foundation. By. Assuming a theist to be liars it allowed the testimony, of any atheist willing, to lie and rejected. The testimony, of those who braved public, contempt, by truthfully, affirming, their atheism. Concept of offense has, been exploited, to perpetuate, other social, inequalities, for, instance the translation, of religious, Scripture has been deemed offensive both, historically, and in the present day resulting. In scriptural, knowledge being withheld from the masses in. The 1500s. William, Tyndale translated. The Bible into English believing. People should be able to read scripture, in their mother tongue for, this, achievement, he, was burned at the stake. Whether. They spring from religious, bodies governments. Or socio-political, groups there's, no shortage, of self-appointed, authorities. Ready, to control our freedoms, as they see fit, but. What qualifies, them to do this, who. Would you allow to decide, what you see or hear what, ideas. You can access what. Books you can read which. Films you can watch whose. Opinions, you can hear. Who. Would you nominate to, dictate, your opportunities. For experience. One. Aspect of the culture at our secondary school was that students, were expected to respond, aggressively to, insults, specifically. Insults, to their families, especially their mothers the. Insults didn't need to be that imaginative, often. Just the phrase your, mum was, enough in. Response, students. Were expected, to get angry, and physically defend their mothers honor if, they didn't they were seen as weak and cowardly, this. Ritualized, behavior, continued, for a couple of years, then. There, was an interesting shift. Aggressive. Reactions, to insults, stopped, being admired. Students. Who were easily provoked came to be seen as weak and fragile and, were, scorned, for being hysterical. Shrugging. Off insults. Became the cool thing to do the. Frequency, of insults, didn't go down but the frequency, of aggressive, responses, plummeted. In groups. Where dramatic, expressions, of offense are encouraged, and rewarded we. Can make two predictions, first. We can expect to see more expressions. Of offense. Second. We can expect to see them in response to increasingly, smaller, provocation. As individuals. Hunt for things to act offended, about but. When, overblown, reactions, of events receive scorn, instead, of sympathy, the, emotional, displays can fizzle out fast, exposing. The fact that they're unnecessary, and, well, within personal, control if, teenagers. Can learn to control their responses, like this shouldn't. We expect even more emotional maturity from, adults. Reportedly. Inspired by Viktor Ivanov Lenin, lived Lenin, is alive Lenin, will live poster, a painting.
Called The spear by artist, Brett Mori was put on exhibition at, Johannesburg's. Goodman gallery in May 2012. Portraying. South African, President, Jacob Zuma in. A state of indiscretion. A spokesperson. For, Zoomers party, the ANC said. They were of the view that this distasteful, depiction. Of the president, has violated, his individual, right to dignity as contained. In the Constitution, of our country, on this, basis, the ANC, initiated. Legal proceedings, to Saints of the painting including coercive. Attempts to stop the press circulating. The image but. Should the right to dignity be automatic. Here dignity. Is defined, as the state or quality of being worthy, of honor or respect. But. Political, commentator, just as Malala noted, there is nothing in our Constitution. That enjoins us to respect the head of state or to genuflect before, him this, is a constitutional. Democracy not, a monarchy, respect. Is earned and very. Few would say that the president has earned our respect given. His lifestyle, the. Case against, Murray failed, but. Satirist, in China haven't, been so fortunate, shanghai-based, artist, Dai Jiang Yan was, faced with a five-year, prison sentence, after distributing. A picture of China's President, Xi Jinping. With, an unfortunate, facial expression, and a photoshopped, moustache, one. Student in Tianjin, was reportedly, detained for ten days merely, for downloading an unauthorized, image of Shi if. We. Expect emotional, stability and, resilience from adults in power and all-powerful. All-knowing, being, like a God should embody, the highest, expression, of these qualities, but. Many of those who proposed the existence of such beings characterized, them and they're supposedly. Representatives. The prophets as, the most fragile, insecure. Creatures, who, need protection from. Words, and pictures. Dutch, film director, Theo van Gogh was murdered, by Muslim extremists, after producing the short film submission. Which criticized, the treatment of women in Islam in. 2005. Danish, newspaper jyllands-posten. Published. Several cartoons, depicting Muhammad. In. Response, violent. Muslim protests, around the world resulted, in dozens of murders as well, as attacks against, those associated, with the newspapers, that published, the cartoons. In. 2015. In response, to the publication of cartoons of Muhammad, by French satirical newspaper, Charlie Hebdo, Muslim. Gunmen, stormed, the newspapers, Paris offices, and killed. 12, people, in. Each of these cases on one, side we find indisputable. Acts of harm namely. The violent attacks and murders committed. By offended. People on the, other we, find acts the harmful nature of which is fiercely, disputed, namely. The creation, of texts and images that, challenge or ridicule, ideas.
And Yet. In all cases many, voices were focused only on condemning, the texts and images, for. Example when Theo van Gogh was murdered, we then Dutch Minister, for justice proposed, the enforcement, of blasphemy, legislation. These. Commentators, had so abdicated. Their sense of proportion, rationality. And moral, accountability, that. For, them the texts, and images were, the weightier, issue a. 2006. Intelligence, squared debate asked. Whether freedom, of expression, should include the license to offend, after. Condemning, the Danish cartoons and what, she regarded, as offensive, criticism, of religion Muslim. Campaigner, desi Khan said, the following in her closing statement, only. When you make the effort to understand, the perspective, of the other person, can you begin to understand, the rationale, behind their actions and thoughts and only. Then can you even begin to be critical, if. Khan practiced, what she preached she. Would make the effort to understand, the perspective of critics, of religion, like, the Danish cartoonists to. Try and understand, the rationale, behind their actions and thoughts, by. Her own logic only, then would she be in the position to be critical. Khan. Asks, the criticism, be made in ways that don't offend the religious, failing. To acknowledge that for many millions of people any criticism. Of their religion whatsoever is, deemed offensive. Sometimes. Even. The failure to take offence is deemed offensive. Liberal. Democrat, and secular, Muslim, Maajid, Nawaz has, attempted to promote the fact that not all Muslims, take offensive, cartoons of Muhammad in, 2014. He tweeted a cartoon from a British webcomic, called Jesus, and Mo depicting. Jesus saying hey and mo saying, how he doing and stated. That he didn't find the cartoon offensive, in, response, he, was condemned, and threatened, for his lack of offence fellow. Lib Dem Muslim Mohammed Shafiq called. Nawaz a Defamer. Of the Prophet, a charge, known to carry a death penalty in the Islamic, world and, vowed. To notify, national, and the international Islamic. Organisations. Responses. From others included, the threat of a surprise, when, Nawaz next, visited, Pakistan, Shafiq. Further organized, a petition pressing. For nawaz's deselection, from the Lib Dems claiming. Had caused an extreme, amount, of insult, hurt and anguish, this. Tactic, is called second order punishment, here. The individual, isn't punished, for causing offence but, refusing, to condemn others for causing offence or simply. For not expressing offense themselves. This. Tactic, is used in dictatorships, and hi control, groups another. Example of it is seen with Scientologists. And Jehovah's, Witnesses, when ex members, are shunned by, the entire, group those. Who've refused, to shun an ex-member, have found themselves in the firing line in. An ABC 20/20. Report, called Scientology. A war without guns dan, Harris, asked, Scientology. Representative. Monique Yingling. If shunning, was voluntary, she, said it was always voluntary, but, when pressed she, admitted that those who don't shun may not be able to participate in specific, services, so. There are negative. Consequences for. Refusing, to shun ex-members. Modern. Examples, of social isolation tactics. Include. The intimidation, of critics of various, religious, or political ideologies. By targeting, their place of employment, in. Mills. On Liberty, he promotes three forms of basic Liberty one. The, Liberty to unite for any purpose, not involving, harm to others, here. Mill, emphasizes. The need for free, informed. Age-appropriate, consent. To. Liberty. Of tastes, and pursuits, which, Mills suggests we should enjoy without, impediment from our fellow creatures, so, long as what we do does not harm them even, though they should think our conduct foolish, perverse, or wrong, three. Liberty. Of thought and feeling. Absolute. Freedom of opinion and, sentiment, on all subjects, practical. Or speculative. Scientific. Moral, or theological. For. Mill practically. Inseparable from, this was the liberty of expressing, and publishing, opinions, but, he made an exception, in the case of what we might call incitement.
Mill. Writes an opinion that corn dealers are starving, of the poor or the private property is robbery ought to be unmolested, when, simply circulated, through the press but, may justly incur, punishment, when delivered orally to, an excited, mob assembled. Before the house of a corn dealer for. Some inciting. A mob to riot is an unambiguous. Act of harm but. For Thomas Scanlon, things aren't so clear-cut, he. Points out that when an individual, hears the insight his opinion, it becomes subject to that individual's, own judgment, the, individual, isn't merely a mindless, machine, set, in motion by the insider. Individuals. Have personal, responsibility. For their own actions. Scanlan. Contrasts. The inciters act of merely expressing, an opinion with. The acts of a criminal accomplice an agent. Who provides others with tools to facilitate a crime like the key to a bank. Or technical, information, like the combinations, who are safe, he, also distinguishes, incite, us from those who threaten, and intimidate people, into, performing. Harmful acts of course. Some inciters, do more than merely express, an opinion, some. Actively. Groomed their audience, cultivating. Compliance, to the group by rewarding, agreement, punishing. Dissent and maintaining. Ignorance, by. Bringing in the element of undue influence and, thereby. Exerting, greater power they, take on greater responsibility. For any resulting, harm. When. Proposing, limits on free speech we need to exercise caution, there. Are good reasons for protecting, controversial, viewpoints. Hearing. Opposing, views gives us the opportunity to examine why we disagree, with them to, reflect from, first principles, the reasons for our views if. We can't express the reasons for our objections, then the act of objecting, is mainly expressing, mindless, reflex, disapproval. Regurgitating. A PAP of predigested. Opinion, formulated. By others who are possibly misguided. When. We object to another person's views purely instinctively. We, might be correct but. It's when we can articulate, the reasons behind the, instinct, that we can better assess, its rightness, or wrongness. It's. Not just the right of the person who speaks to be heard explains. Christopher, Hitchens, summarizing. Sentiments, expressed by John Milton Thomas, Paine and John Stuart Mill it. Is the right of everyone, in the audience to listen and to hear and everytime, you silence, someone you make yourself a prisoner of your own action, because, you deny yourself, the right to hear something in. Other words your, own right to, hear and be exposed is as much involved in all these cases as is the right of the other to voice his or her view if all. In society, were agreed on the truth and beauty and value, of one proposition, all except, one person it. Would be most important, in fact it would become even more important.
But. That one heretic, be heard because, we would still benefit, from his perhaps, outrageous. Or appalling. View, Hitchens. Warns. Don't, take refuge in the full security of consensus, and feeling. That whatever you think you're bound to be okay because you're in the safely, moral majority. No. One has the right not to be offended such. A riot would be impossible, to exercise, and result in social gridlock. Some. Regard the mere existence of, other kinds of people as offensive. How, could we satisfy, them short, of eliminating, those other people, learning. To deal with the discomfort of encountering, people you disagree with is part of the process of growing up. Some. Feel offended, by facts that don't fit their ideology, in these, cases their argument, isn't with other people, but. With reality. When. We try to silence expressions. We deem offensive we. Often, give them more power when. Books films, or pieces of music have been banned it's, often because certain ideologies, have found them dangerous, in. Many cases the dangerous idea has, been to allow people to think, banning. Also fuels curiosity. When. Scholars are prevented, from speaking at universities. Because, people dislike what they say this usually results in far more publicity, for the scholar whose visit might otherwise pass without much attention, when. We allow controversial. Books, films. Music, and speakers, we can openly, examine. And discuss them possibly. Exposing. Their flaws but, retaining, the opportunity. To think and increase. Our understanding. Those. Who don't want to hear a message they personally find offensive, can, choose not to listen but, what they have no right to do is impose, their choices upon, others, by preventing them from listening. Sometimes. Dialoguing. With parties we've judged as offensive. Can lead to surprising, results. Talking. With extreme, candor, about her experiences, interviewing, leaders and followers of the men's rights movement formerly. Self-defined, feminist, filmmaker, cassie, jay has, described, how her pre-existing, views of the movement prevented, her from listening, to what her interviewees, were saying. Jay. Reflected. Those moments sitting. Across from my enemy, I wasn't, listening I was, waiting to hear a sentence, or even just a couple of words in succession that, proved why I wanted, to believe I would. Often hear an innocent, and valid point that a men's rights activist would make but. In my head I would add on to their statement, a sexist, or anti woman spin assuming. That's what they wanted, to say but didn't, J.
Cited, An instance where a men's rights activist asked where, is justice, for the man who was falsely accused of raping a woman and is branded, with the inescapable. Title, of rapist, J. Said, she heard a woman, being raped isn't, a big deal over. Time, she, realized many, offensive, attitudes, she previously attributed to, her enemy, group were, false. Listening. To parties we've judged as offensive. Can, give us a valuable opportunity, to find out we're the misinformed, party, that needs to rethink some, opinions, we've misguidedly. Accepted. John. Stuart Mill wrote that the peculiar, evil, of silencing, the expression, of an opinion is, that it is robbing the human race posterity. As well as the existing, generation, those, who dissent, from the opinion, still more than those who hold it if the. Opinion is right they are deprived, of the opportunity of exchanging. Error for truth if. Wrong they. Lose what is almost as greater benefit, the, clearer perception and livelier. Impression, of truth produced. By its collision, with error. Offense. Can have positive, or negative, value depending, on circumstances. On, the positive side it can be a tool for resisting, tyranny, and a, lubricant, for social progress it. Can expose difficult, truths and prompt, us to usefully, examine, and possibly reassess, our values on the. Negative side the, concept of offense can be exploited, to shut down discourse. And thought to. Stigmatize, and, denounce critics, to. Generate, and justify. Violent. Revenge to. Protect, bogus, and harmful ideologies. To, strip us of our fundamental, freedoms. Offense, does not legitimize, violence, herb. Feelings, by themselves, are no reason, to limit free expression. We. Stand to gain much from learning to cope with offense rather, than attempting, to banish it we. Stand to gain much from learning, to appreciate, the value.